2021年英语专业四级真题及答案解析 南京廖华

2022-11-23 16:22:03 围观 : 174次 来源 : 教育论文网 作者 : 永强

roughly doubled since 1980. On average, an American household receives twice as many pieces of mail a day as it did in the 1970′s. The harmful side of the Internet′s impact is obvious but statistically less important than many would guess. People__47__ write fewer letters when they can send e-mail messages. To__48__ through a box of old paper correspondence is to know what has been__49__ in this shift: the pretty stamps, the varying look and feel of handwritten and typed correspondence, the tangible__50__ that was once in the sender′s hands.

A.always B.barely C.demise D.emergence E.gained F.implications G.leaf H.lost I.naturally J.object M.rising N.single O.value

第41题: 请选择A.alwaysB.barelyC.demiseD.emergenceE.gainedF.implicationsG.leafH.lostI.naturallyJ.objectK.oneL.onlineM.risingN.singleO.value

第43题: 请选择A.alwaysB.barelyC.demiseD.emergenceE.gainedF.implicationsG.leafH.lostI.naturallyJ.objectK.oneL.onlineM.risingN.singleO.value 第45题: 请选择A.alwaysB.barelyC.demiseD.emergenceE.gainedF.implicationsG.leafH.lostI.naturallyJ.objectK.oneL.onlineM.risingN.singleO.value 第47题: 请选择A.alwaysB.barelyC.demiseD.emergenceE.gainedF.implicationsG.leafH.lostI.naturallyJ.objectK.oneL.onlineM.risingN.singleO.value 第49题: 请选择A.alwaysB.barelyC.demiseD.emergenceE.gainedF.implicationsG.leafH.lostI.naturallyJ.objectK.oneL.onlineM.risingN.singleO.value

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In this section there are three passages followed by ten multiple-choice questions.For each multiple-choice question, there are four suggested answers marked A, B, C and D.Choose the one that you think is the best answer and mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET TWO.

(1)When I was a young girl living in Ireland, I was always pleased when it rained, because that meant I could go treasure hunting. What′s the connection between a wet day and a search for buried treasure? Well, it′s quite simple. Ireland, as some of you may already know, is the home of Leprechauns—little men who possess magic powers and, perhaps more interestingly, pots of gold.

(2)Now, although Leprechauns are interesting characters, I have to admit that I was more interested in the stories of their treasure hoard. This, as all of Ireland knows, they hide at the end of the rainbow. Leprechauns can be fearsome folk but if you can discover the end of the rainbow, they have to unwillingly surrender their gold to you. So whenever it rained, I would look up in the sky and follow the curve of the rainbow to see where it ended. I never did unearth any treasure, but I did spend many happy, showery days dreaming of what I could do with the fortune if I found it.

(3)As I got older, and started working, rainy days came to be just another nuisance and my childhood dreams of finding treasure faded. But for some people the dream of striking it lucky

never fades, and for a fortunate few, the dream even comes true! Such is the case of Mel Fisher. His dream of finding treasure also began in childhood, while reading the great literature classics \Island\and \Dick\However, unlike me, he chased his dream and in the end managed to become one of the most famous professional treasure hunters of all time, and for good reason. In 1985, he fished up the priceless cargo of the sunken Spanish ship Atocha, which netted him an incredible 400 million dollars!

(4)After the ship sank in 1622 off the coast of Florida, its murky waters became a treasure-trove(埋藏的宝藏)of precious stones, gold bars and silver coins known as \of eight\The aptly-named Fisher, who ran a commercial salvaging operation, had been trying to locate the underwater treasure for over 16 years when he finally hit the jackpotl His dreams had come true but finding and keeping the treasure wasn′t all plain sailing. After battling with hostile conditions at sea, Fisher then had to battle in the courts. In fact, the State of Florida took Fisher to court over ownership of the find and the Federal government soon followed suit. After more than 200 hearings, Fisher agreed to donate 20% of his findings for public display, and so now there is a museum in Florida which displays hundreds of the objects which were salvaged from the Atocha.

(5)This true story seems like a modern-day fairytale: a man pursues his dream through hardship and in the end, he triumphs over the difficulties—they all live happily ever after, right? Well, not exactly. Archaeologists object to the fact that with commercial salvaging operations like Fisher′s, the objects are sold and dispersed, and UNESCO are also worried about protecting our underwater heritage from what it describes as \抢劫、掠夺).

(6)The counter-argument is that in professional, well-run operations such as Fisher′s, each piece is accurately and minutely recorded and that it is this information which is more important than the actual object, and that such operations help increase our wealth of archaeological knowledge. Indeed, as in Fisher′s case, they make history more accessible to people through museum donations and information on web sites.